Thursday, 11 March 2010

Thoughts on the Elinchrom Ranger Quadra

**Just updated with a few more details and some corrections**

On my recent shoot in Switzerland I used 2 of the relatively new Elinchrom Ranger Quadra battery powered flash units. As there is not that much information around on them I thought I would share my impressions here. 

First of all, a bit of background. All my shoots are done on location, and I usually work with just one assistant. Taken together these two facts means my kit has to be lightweight and as portable as possible. Traditional battery pack flashes are large and heavy - a single Profoto 7b or Elinchrom Ranger (big brother to the Quadra) setup will weigh in at 12-15kg. In comparison, the Quadra is only 5kg all up - pack, cable and head. Because of the light weight, it is also possible to use a light weight stands, which save you another kilo or so.

So what are the Quadras like to use? 

Firstly, they are small, and the heads are in fact tiny. 2 packs, 2 heads and 2 spare batteries will easily fit in a Lowepro Photo Trekker backpack with room to spare for a camera body and a couple of lenses. Build quality of the packs is quite good, if not as bullet proof as a Ranger or Profoto 7b. The heads are rather flimsy however, with the reflectors built of quite thin metal that bends easily.

Secondly, the heads are not supplied with any covers for the flash tubes, which makes travelling with them a bit nerve wracking. Luckily we didn't break any but I wouldn't be surprised if they would break occasionally in regular use unless you treat them with kid gloves. UPDATE - I've just been told that they are now shipping with a cover for the flash tube so it looks like this has now been addressed (thanks Dave T.)

So just how powerful are they?

The Elinchrom Ranger Quadra is rated at 400ws. That's about a stop and a half less than its 1100ws big brother, the full size Ranger, and the 1200ws Profoto 7b or Profoto B2. How much more powerful is it than a speedlite? Well, one of the problems in comparing battery flashes with hotshoe flashes is their power is rated differently. Battery flashes are measured in watt seconds, while hotshoe flashes use a guide number. The easiest way to know for sure is to test them, which is what I did.

I ran a quick test of the Quadra versus a Canon 580 EX II and a Nikon SB28. I set them up at a distance of exactly 3m from an evenly textured wall and varied my aperture until they provided the same level of illumination, as judged by the histogram on the back of the camera. All were on freshly charged batteries and at full power. I got the following results at 24mm on a full frame 5D mark II at ISO 100:

- Elinchrom Quadra with standard reflector: f/13 with even illumination across the frame
- Canon 580 EXII zoomed to 24mm: f/8 with even illumination across the frame
- Nikon SB28 zoomed to 24mm: f/6.3 with significant light falloff on the edges of the frame

So the Quadra is about 1.3 stops more powerful than a 580 EXII, and about 2 stops more powerful, and with much more even coverage, than an SB28. But in all cases the Quadra recycles much faster - a speedlight on full power takes over 5 seconds to recharge, where the Quadra takes just 2.


One of the big advantages of battery flashes over speedlites is the range of light modifiers available. The Quadra heads have a built-in mount for a shoot through umbrella, and Elinchrom also make a 40cm soft box for them. Using a relatively lightweight adapter you can also attach any of Elinchrom's other modifiers for their larger heads, including the highly rated octaboxes.

I only had the chance to use them with shoot through umbrellas, but the mounting system is quick and easy, you just slide them in. Be advised all Elinchrom brackets use the non-standard 7mm shaft, so you need brollies especially designed for Elinchrom.

OK, fine. But how do they perform in the real world? 

Unlike a speedlite, the Quadras do have enough power to work as key or fill light on a reasonably sunny day, even when shot though an umbrella. Here's an example shot in cloudy bright light. With the pack on half power (200ws) the flash head was being held on a boom and being shot through an umbrella about 2m above and in front of the subjects. Recycle time is less than 1 sec.

The highlight on the right side of the models' faces is from the sun. The illumination on the rest of their faces is all fill light from the flash/umbrella combo. By way of comparison, here is a similar shot taken without the flash as I fired before it had recharged:

To do this with a speedlight would have required full power and about 5 seconds recharge between shots - way too slow for me. And if the sunlight had been any stronger I would not have been able to balance it unless I shot without an umbrella, giving harsh, unnatural looking light.

Shooting lifestyle images like these requires a lot of shots. Once you set up the initial parameters, the models have to interact with one another while you shoot away to try can catch a natural moment. With a fresh battery the recycle time starts off at around 1 second, but it rapidly increases as the battery loses charge. In fact after about 80 shots the recharge was so slow (4 secs plus) that we needed to change batteries. So plan on carrying spares for a day of shooting.

Wireless control

Another thing to mention is the Quadras have Elinchrom's wireless Skyport system built in, so you can adjust the power of the flash from on camera, using a small device that sits in the hotshoe. It is much smaller than a Pocket Wizard Plus II (which is what I normally use), and allows wireless power adjustment of multiple groups, not just triggering, which is pretty neat. When working with an assistant it's not quite as important, but when working alone this would be a really handy feature.

The competition
So what other choices are there out there? As far as I am aware, the only other lightweight battery pack from a major manufacturer is the Profoto AcuteB 600. I've used these packs a few times, and here are their main pros and cons versus the Quadra:

Profoto AcuteB Pros:

- Half a stop more power (600ws versus 400ws for the Quadra)
- More flashes (160 at full power versus 100)
- Faster recycling (1 sec versus 2 secs at 400ws)
- Takes all existing profoto modifiers without an adapter

Profoto Acute B Cons:
- Bulkier and heavier (8kg for a pack/cable/head versus 5kg)
- No ability to adjust output wirelessly (no ProAir integration, while the Quadra has Skyport)
- More expensive

So it's a bit of a mix up which is better - it depends on what you are looking for. Overall though I was very happy with the Elinchrom Ranger Quadras. What I would like to see is a longer lasting battery - Lithium Ion anyone? (or maybe not - see the comments from Dan Carr below), more sturdy reflector and a cover for the flash tube when travelling (looks like they've fixed this now).

Otherwise I think Elinchrom are on to a winner.

Here are a few other people's thoughts on the Quadras:
Drew Gardener

- Simon Keitch
- Neil Turner, part 1 and part 2
- Zack Arias - comparison with other options (thanks Dave!)


  1. Great info Julian... Thanks!

  2. Thanks a lot for the information! Great picture :-)

    It make me dream to travel like this for shooting.

  3. Julian , thanks for taking the time to do this. Very interesting! One thing though, you mention Li-Ion batteries.... well the problem there is that new airline regulations limit the size of Li_ION batteries that you can take on a plane, even in your checked luggage.

    This PDF

    , that Erik Seo posted has some good info and explains the amount of Li-Ion that you are allowed in your checked bag. Up to 25grams I believe. If for example you shoot with a Hensel Porty power pack , you are in trouble! Any security person that reads the small print (and that seems to be most of them these days) will stop you taking it on the plane.

    I'm guessing the quadra is still a sealed lead acid battery like the ranger RX.

  4. Hi Dan - thanks for the info on Li-Ion batteries....that's quite a significant drawback. I've been quietly admiring the new Hensels as they are so light and recharge so quickly for such a powerful pack. But if I can't fly with them they're pretty useless!


  5. Great read, thanks. I am up in the air as which way to go and this article was a great help.

    Thanks, Sam.

  6. Hi any idea what the flash duration is on these units. I find when I use this type of unit the flash duration is quite long and thus does not give me a sharp enough image on a moving subject. Would love to know if these units are quick. Lumedyne were the quickest but not much more than my speedlights and the high speed sync on the speedlights with the pocket wizard tt1 and tt5 always give them the advantage. Agreed on power though, although Quantum batteries do help the recycle and help keep the weight to a minimum.

  7. Thanks Alot for the info, I have decided to get a set. I used the Ranger RX Speed AS with A and S head, but it is just too darn heavy. Great Review!

  8. Hey mate,
    Great post. I really appreciate the flash output comparison too. I'm looking at getting a Ranger setup soon but in the meantime I'm using 2 SB800 speedlights through an Elinchrom octa with a bracket I made. I'm just about to do a post on how I did it.

    Thanks for the info!


  9. Quick update - having been renting lights for ages I've finally taken the plunge and bought a Profoto AcuteB with the new lithium battery. I've got a couple of big shoots coming up and by renting the equipment to myself I'll cover a third of the cost already. I'll post here once I've put the lithium battery through it's paces. Julian

  10. Great article...any updates on how you're finding the AcuteB??! I'm thinking of investing in them or the quadra hybrid.

  11. Hi Rahul - yep loving the AcuteB, very happy with it. I use it one of 2 ways - either as a key light through a 3ft octabox, or as 'fake sun' shooting with a disc reflector from behind the subject using the PW Flex TT5 to get high sync speed. Works very well. Julian

  12. It's the Quadra setup able to work with hss? I'm think of getting the kit for next year's wedding season. Thank you.

  13. Casper - yes I believe it can work with HSS but you need to use the slower S heads and not the faster A heads. There are a few posts in the blogosphere showing people using it. I'm using the Profoto AcuteB so don't know all the details. Julian